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Volume 3 Issue 6
 
Volume & Issue: Volume 3 Issue 6

Canine Distemper in Domestic Dogs in The City of Sinop, Mt, Brazil
  Volume 3,Issue 6
 

Author :

Carla Patricia Teodoro de Carvalho, Mirella Fernandes Ossuna, Adriana Alonso Novais, Eriana Serpa Barreto, Roberta Vieira de Morais Bronzoni

 

Abstract :

Canine distemper (CD) is a highly contagious disease caused by the canine distemper virus (CDV). Domestic dogs are the main reservoirs of the CDV, and they have been considered sources of infection for wild animals. The Midwest region of Brazil has been considered an important area of CDV circulation, but its prevalence has not been known. Thus, a clinical-epidemiological survey was conducted in a retrospective analysis of clinical records from domestic dogs attended in veterinary clinics of Sinop, Mato Grosso state. The observed prevalence was of 1,18%, with 54% of fatality. Although this prevalence has been largely based on clinical data, these were quite consistent with the disease. A high frequency of vaccinated dogs presented clinical diagnosis for CDV (60%). Besides, a high number of dogs with CD clinical signs was observed in neighborhood close to environmental reserve areas. The reasons that could have contributed to this prevalence have been discussed.

 

Keywords :

Morbillivirus, Amazon, animal

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